Tropical Gardening: Build soils with animal manures and other nutrient sources

Photo courtesy of Voltaire Gardens like these in France and Italy have been maintained for centuries using organic methods by incorporating manures, composting and mulching practices in to their management.

When our aina gets scorched by fires or lava, we need to take time to build life again. We are in Italy now and even with the extremes of heat this summer, farmers are working to bring new crops to life. Some lands here have been farmed for thousands of years using age-old techniques to bring about healthy soils. In Hawaii we can use these same practices. Where animal manures are available they are probably the best source of fertilizer and organic matter for the organic gardener.