Heavy rainfall in many parts of our island has caused the loss of essential nutrients. After some serious dry spells in 2019, parts of Hawaii Island received over abundant precipitation not only removing nutrients like nitrogen but actual top soil as well. West Hawaii has received much less but with our excessively porous rocky areas, even five or six inches of rain can leach important elements essential to plant growth.
Since the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory was founded by the visionary Dr. Thomas A. Jaggar in 1912, a senior scientist has been responsible for its work and staff. Over time, the leadership title has changed from Director to Scientist-in-Charge (SIC), but the principal responsibilities endure: (1) ensure that HVO has funding, people, and equipment to research and monitor Hawaiis volcanoes and warn of hazards; (2) lead observatory staff as they respond to, document, and study eruptions; and (3) engage with emergency managers, the public, and other government agencies to minimize negative impacts.
TOMBSTONE, Ariz. Bang! Bang! Bang!
The Halemaumau crater lake at the summit of Kilauea Volcano is on everyones mind at the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO).