The 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption of Kilauea brought an end to the 35-plus-year eruption at Pu‘u ‘O‘o. With the draining of the summit and the collapse of Pu‘u ‘O‘o, Puna residents were concerned that the eruption in the LERZ could be long-lived.
One of the most frequent questions asked of U.S. Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists during the past several months has been, “Is the lower East Rift eruption over?”
During the federal government shutdown, the weekly Volcano Watch column is suspended.
The field day begins with a summit weather check at first light. It is a reflective moment at 6:15 a.m. atop Kilauea Volcano, and the fumarole cracks are steaming like the coffee from my thermos. The weather at Halema‘uma‘u crater is cool and dry, with light trade winds from the northeast.
One of the most frequently asked questions of USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists during the past several months has been “Is the eruption over?”
This is, without a doubt, the most intellectually exciting time to be a volcanologist at the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. The current inactivity at Kīlauea has so many possible outcomes that it is a real challenge to figure out what might happen next. And intellectual challenges are stimulating and exciting.
In this season of giving thanks, Island of Hawaii residents and visitors can be thankful for the return of good air quality, generally free of volcanic air pollution.
November 2018. Has it already been six months since lava began flowing through Hawaii County’s lower Puna district? Has it only been three months since activity at fissure 8 ended rather abruptly?
The prolonged yet dramatic partial collapse of Kilauea caldera this past summer was the first to be observed in detail and the largest measured by subsidence volume of more than a dozen summit collapses in the past 200 years.