Yes, we should talk about ‘defunding the police’

Millions of people have celebrated former Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin’s conviction for the murder of George Floyd as a validation of the Black Lives Matter movement. It is a major step along the way to police reform.

Yet we should not be satisfied with anything less than total reform, including a full reappraisal of the mandate of law enforcement. And most of these necessary changes have been summed up under the rallying cry of “Defund the Police.”

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I know that this phrase has been both dismissed by jittery politicians on the left and seized on by those on the right to generate fear around progressive politics. I have seen a Facebook meme warning “Don’t say ‘Defund the Police.’ ”

I’m still saying it.

“Defund the police” isn’t about attacking cops. It’s about getting the United States out of a “cops and robbers” mentality that simplifies crime to the “good guys” and “bad guys.” It’s about looking realistically at the social forces that contribute to making America unsafe, and having the courage to correct them.

Most of all, it is about embracing the most effective method of crime stopping — redirecting troubled lives before they turn to law-breaking. It recognizes the roots of crime in unconscionable levels of deprivation in underserved neighborhoods.

Opposition to defunding the police stems from the presumption that policing stymies violence and property crimes. This presumption is, in reality, highly questionable.

Between 1997 and 2016, violent crime rates in the United States dropped by a significant 37%, even as the number of police officers per 100,000 residents fell from 242 to 217, according to an analysis by USA Today and the Marshall Project. Perhaps this owed to a reduction in the daily hostilities with the police in underserved communities.

Crime rates, it’s true, have risen during the pandemic. But more police, argues historian Elizabeth Hinton in her new book, “America on Fire,” usually leads to more police violence.

Policing in the United States is militarized and astronomically expensive. Local governments collectively spend more than $100 billion a year on police. This investment is a serious drain on resources.

Middle-class Americans often don’t appreciate what policing looks like in poor communities, who often feel that it exists to stigmatize them. In fact, 95% of all arrests are for such offenses as traffic violations, marijuana possession, unlawful assembly, or “crimes” like removing a shopping cart from grocery store premises.

Let’s try something different. We must stop excessively penalizing marijuana possession, stop penalizing the poor and rebuild society in ways that make petty crimes unnecessary.

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The way that policing is practiced today exacerbates social divisions along the lines of race, class and gender, creating systemic oppression, which proves difficult to root out without reimagining the system entirely. Western European countries have lower levels of crime compared to the United States, because they pour money into social resources (and have more sensible gun laws).

A social safety net does a better job of achieving a more harmonious society than thousands of assault weapons and armored vehicles. Police reduction should become the American way.