A guide to understanding olive oil

  • A bottle of olive oil with two olives and sage on white background (Dreamstime/TNS)

There’s a reason olive oil is a favorite eating and cooking oil.

Made from the oil of pressed olives, it’s a relatively healthy fat, full of antioxidants and high in monounsaturated fatty acids, which help lower your “bad” LDL cholesterol.


Olive oils are graded by their level of acidity. Here are the different types:

• Extra-virgin is the most prized, and expensive. It’s made from the first cold pressing of the olives, without any additional heat, refining or processing. With an acidity level of no more than 0.8%, it’s generally not used for cooking but rather for dipping, drizzling and salad dressings.

• Ultra premium extra-virgin, a relatively new category of olive oil, is even less acidic (as low as 0.23%) and is considered a finishing oil. It tastes clean and fresh on the palate.

• Virgin olive oil also is cold-pressed and free of refined oils, but it’s more acidic than EVOO (less than 2%) and is a little lighter in taste. It’s also good for drizzling and cooking so long as you’re sauteing or making sauce and not deep frying.

• Pure olive oil (less than 3.3% acidity) is a blend of virgin and refined olive oils. It’s got a little bit of flavor and is a good all-purpose oil for frying, cooking, grilling and baking.

• Extra-light doesn’t mean the oil has less calories or fat, but rather a lighter color, odor and neutral flavor. That’s because it was refined using heat. It has a higher smoke point (the temperature at which an oil starts to burn and smoke) and can stay on the shelf longer. But it’s of lesser quality and meant for those who don’t want any olive flavor.

Whatever you choose, only buy as much as you’ll use relatively quickly.

Unlike wine, olive oil is best when it’s fresh. (Good olive oil will have a pressing date or “best by” date on the label.) It should be used within two years and stored in a dark, cool spot.


Dark bottles are better than clear bottles, and if you buy it in an aluminum can, transfer it into a glass container. Always put the cap back on and tightly seal the bottle; olive oil starts to degrade once it’s exposed to air.

Also, know that labels can be deceptive. “Product of” doesn’t mean the olives were grown in that country or pressed there, just that it was put into containers there.

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