The captain of a lava tour boat hit by what authorities called a “lava bomb” Monday morning near the Kapoho lava ocean entry said he never saw the explosion that rained molten rocks down on top of his boat.
Shane Turpin, owner of Lava Ocean Tours and captain of the boat “Hot Spot,” said he and his tour group were in the area for about 20 minutes before he piloted the boat closer to shore to get a better view. He said the explosion occurred as they were leaving.
“As we were exiting the zone, all of a sudden everything around us exploded,” he said. “It was everywhere.”
Turpin said he and his tour group had made numerous passes by the ocean entry from about 500 yards offshore.
He didn’t observe “any major explosions,” so he navigated his vessel closer, to about 250 yards from the lava.
As they were leaving the area, the explosion came and engulfed the boat from behind, he noted.
Turpin said he had no idea just how big the blast was until he saw video of the event later on shore.
“It was immense,” he said. “I had no idea. We didn’t see it.”
The blast burned through the roof of the boat, leaving a gaping hole and injuring 23 people, one seriously.
Hilo Medical Center spokeswoman Elena Cabatu said a 20-year-old woman who was admitted in serious condition with a broken femur was later medevaced to Oahu for further treatment. She was brought to HMC shortly after 7 a.m. by ambulance. Three others brought by ambulance and nine who drove themselves to the hospital were all treated at the emergency room and released.
Cabatu said the others sustained “burns and abrasions.” She said emergency room staffers were “inundated” with the sudden influx of patients, but said the night shift remained to help the day shift deal with the injured.
Janet Babb, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory geologist and spokeswoman, said explosions that happen when lava hits water can hurl rocks “the size of a breadbox.”
“I’ve seen large blocks of rock blasted hundreds of feet inland,” Babb said, adding rocks of similar size can presumably be launched seaward just as frequently.
Babb said the volume of lava entering the ocean — fissure 8 was previously estimated to emit between 50 and 100 cubic meters of material per second — is significantly higher than other lava entries in recent memory, which might account for more frequent explosions.
Turpin, who has captained lava tour boats for many years and has lived on the Big Island since 1983, said there were no warning signs prior to the blast.
“There’s something new. There’s something really new,” he said. “And I’ve been documenting them a bit.”
Turpin said he visited the woman who was seriously injured in the hospital and described her and her family as “just really good people.”
He added that after the boat was hit, those in the tour group quickly pulled together to help one another.
“What I saw in humanity this morning was amazing. I mean, this was a group of people that never met before, and they were brought together,” he said. “In all honesty, we definitely evaded a catastrophic event today.”
The lava at the ocean entry is coming from the Kilauea volcano, which has been erupting continuously for the past 35 years.
On May 3, its eruption entered a new phase when it began spurting lava through newly formed fissures in the Leilani Estates subdivision in the volcano’s lower East Rift Zone. It has destroyed more than 700 homes in lower Puna since then. But the only serious injury during the past two months was to a man who was hit by flying lava rock that broke his leg.
The U.S. Coast Guard in May instituted a safety zone where lava flows into the ocean off the Big Island. It prohibits vessels from getting closer than 984 feet (300 meters) from ocean-entry points. The Coast Guard said tour vessels have operated in lower Puna going back at least 20 years.
Jason Redulla, chief of the state Department of Land and Natural Resources Division of Conservation and Resources Enforcement, said four companies have permits to operate in the area, including Lava Ocean Tours. He added that Monday’s incident is a reminder of how dangerous the eruption is and why officials have tried to keep the public at a safe distance.
“At this point, the department encourages the public to follow all of the emergency rules that are in effect and all of the directions from the Civil Defense Agency, which basically means view lava at a very safe distance (and) do not go into the restricted areas unless you have the proper authorization to do so,” Redulla said. “So really it’s a very individual compliance thing where everybody needs to be responsible for their own safety and follow all the laws, regulations and get the necessary approvals.”
The Coast Guard, DLNR and Hawaii Police Department are investigating the tour boat incident.
The Associated Press contributed to this story.
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