Wildlife officials are asking the public to keep an eye out for — and a respectful distance from — Hawaiian monk seals this holiday weekend.
“We want everyone to have fun — we’re not trying to ruin anybody’s good time, but, if you’re going to be doing activities on the beach, it is so important to keep an eye out,” said Megan McGinnis, animal care manager for The Marine Mammal Center’s Ke Kai Ola Hawaiian Monk Seal Hospital in Kailua-Kona. “Just being overtly aware of your surroundings is going to be a part of keeping these animals safe during this holiday weekend.”
In recent weeks, off-road vehicles have been driving in an area cordoned off during daylight, with signage posted overnight to protect Hiwahiwa, a male monk seal born in late April in the Mahaiula section of Kekaha Kai State Park. McGinnis and others, including the state Department of Natural Resources, are concerned about Hiwahiwa and other critically endangered monk seals being injured or killed.
“Unfortunately, that is definitely a risk of driving close to the shore in an area where monk seals tend to hang out,” McGinnis said. “It is crazy easy to confuse (monk seals) with rocks. When there’s one that’s resting completely still, they look so much like lava rocks and they blend in so nicely.”
She noted people have reported nearly stepping on a resting seal because they didn’t see the animal while walking on the beach.
“You can get that close without ever realizing they’re there because they sleep really heavily. … It’s one of those things that makes them successful — blending into their surrounding,” McGinnis said. “But when it comes to people, it’s a little bit more of a curse.”
Hiwahiwa was born in late April to R405, a “transient” seal with a fairly unknown history first spotted in March 2019. He was weaned in mid-June, which is when R405 was last spotted by officials with the monk seal hospital.
Hiwahiwa is being kept busy by Kaulana, a male monk seal born last year to RA20 at the same beach. Kaulana and RA20 are doing well, as is Kaulana’s sister, Manuiwa, a female monk seal born in 2018 at Mahaiula.
Waimanu, another resident Big Island monk seal, is also doing well, though slightly overweight. Waimanu was born in 2008 at Waimanu Valley.
An estimated 1,400 monk seals inhabit the main and Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Approximately 300 of those seals cruise the waters and haul up on beaches in the main Hawaiian Islands, including about a half dozen on the Big Island.
The center advises that the public can play an important role in the conservation of the endangered species by keeping a few marine wildlife viewing tips in mind when visiting beaches and wildlife preserves. People should keep a safe distance from seals, using the zoom function on cameras, and report sightings.
A good “rule of thumb” to know if you’re too close to a monk seal is to hold up your thumb perpendicular to the animal, and if you can see any of the seal, you’re too close.
To report a sighting, call or text The Marine Mammal Center’s Hawaii Island response team by using its 24-hour hot line at 987-0765. To report wildlife harassment, call DLNR at 643-DLNR or NOAA Fisheries’ Enforcement Hotline at 800-853-1964.
“If someone sees someone doing something that makes them uncomfortable, please report it to DLNR; those are the guys that can do something about it,” McGinnis said. “DLNR has an app and they have a line you can call. So even if you’re not quite sure and you just feel like something doesn’t look right, you can always take photos and videos that you can submit to DLNR. That’s really helpful, too.”
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