Tropical Gardening: Composting and mulching to build healthy soils from scratch

  • Photo courtesy of KYLE MCWHIRTER

    The eruption in Leilani Estates and lava river has destroyed thousands of acres of farms, homes and forests, but once the lava cools, life returns with mosses, ferns and ohia. The rebirth can be hastened with compost, mulches and fertilizer.

With thousands of acres covered with lava in just a few weeks, it is hard to imagine they will ever support vegetation again — at least in our lifetime.